Category Archives: Alternative Health

CES Ultra is a drug-free treatment

Focus Factor Side Effects

To start, Focus Factor is a memory booster that provides you with proper nutrition and help you feel sharper and more alert. The ingredients are vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, biotin, pantothenic acid, calcium, iron, iodine, magnesium, zinc, selenium, copper, manganese, chromium, molybdenum, potassium, diemethylaminoethanol, L glutamine, bacopin, L-pyroglutamic acid, phosphatidylsering, docosahexanoic acid concentrate, choline, inositol, N acetyltyrosine, bilberry fruit, GABA, Activin, vinpocetine, trace lyte, huperzine A, boron, vanadium and grape skin extract. According to the official website, Focus Factor is “America’s number one brain health supplement.”

The suggested use on the package shows as a dietary supplement…But this is not, read above and count how many vitamins it has. TOO MUCH OF ANY VITAMIN CAN CAUSE TOXICITY. The common signs of this condition include: A sudden fever, low blood pressure, HEADACHE, muscle aches, confusion, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting.

There are reports it causes headaches, as well as other side effects, if you read through the customer feedback posted online. Plus, there’s no detail about the supposed clinical study that supports claims.


Before going for company-produced boosters try what our mother nature gives to you, veggies, fruits, berries, nuts; or even better – do not use boosters at all, enjoy natural food instead. Read What does the food you eat have to do with how your brain functions?

Stress Related Disorders— A Non-drug Alternative

Central-nervous-system agents today constitute the fastest growing sector of the pharmaceutical market, accounting for 31% of total sales in the United States. In 2001, of the twenty-five drugs with the highest retail sales, eight were psychotropic, those treating mental health conditions. Anti-depressants had the highest retail sales ($12.5 billion) of any drug category, responsible for the largest share of the increase in overall drug spending from 2000 to 2001.  Adult use of anti-depressants almost tripled from 1988 to 2000. Women and children experienced the most dramatic rise. In 1999-2000, 10 percent of women 18 and older reported taking anti-depressants in the previous month as compared with 4 percent in men. Use among children has seen a very sharp increase, especially with Ritalin used to treat attention deficit disorder.

This trend is fraught with danger. Some people take the wrong medication; others get an old or contaminated batch, some a counterfeit; others take them in dangerous combinations with other prescriptions. Some drugs are addictive, others have devastating emotional and physical side effects. Every year a million people—3 to 5% of all hospital admissions—are admitted primarily because of a negative reaction to medications. The situation has become especially exacerbated by the medical profession’s propensity to dole out medication like candy for the slightest sign of depression, anxiety, or insomnia, helping make drugs like Prozac, Buspar, and Paxil as chic in the suburbs as crack is in the inner city. This has led to a virtual plague of legal drug addiction.

There is now a safe and effective alternative for the treatment of anxiety, depression, and insomnia —CES (cranial electrotherapy stimulation). CES is the anti-drug—the non-pharmacological alternative—a unique and viable bio-electric approach which enhances the homeostasis of the biological central nervous system—the tendency for intrinsic balance within a system. User-friendly, it employs mild battery-powered electrical stimulation through clip-on electrodes attached to the earlobes or pre-gelled electrodes placed behind the ears. Current flow is limited so that the most the patient experiences during the process is nothing more than a slight tingling sensation. There are virtually no negative side effects. Gently adding energy back to all parts of the brain, CES helps return the user to the optimum state in effect before stressors were activated.

cesultra - cranial electrotherapy stimulation device, new

CES impacts most directly by reducing anxiety. This is often experienced in the course of treatment; for others, hours, or several days after. CES leaves the patient feeling both relaxed and alert. The effect differs from pharmaceutical treatments in that people report their body as feeling lighter and more relaxed and their mind, more alert and clear. Results are cumulative and lasting.  For those suffering from depression and anxiety, CES means relief with none of the unpleasant side effects of prescription drugs. For those seeking nothing more than a good night’s sleep, it is an alternative to habit-forming tranquilizers. For a public increasingly concerned with the effects of stress on physical health and emotional well being, CES provides a way of addressing that stress in a safe and effective manner.
CES is a treatment modality with an ethic – that of self-regulation. Its goal, wellness—a state of proper alignment—the balanced interplay of body and mind attained through personal empowerment rather than dependency. The CES ethic believes that increased reliance on external drugs interferes with that self-regulatory process, reducing our ability to cope. That to reclaim control of our lives we have to learn how to alter that chemical composition and reorient that circuitry, not through dependency but by activating, strengthening, and effectively employing our own inner resources. CES—a treatment modality whose time has come.

— Lawrence Paros, Ph.D.

Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation and the Body-Brain Continuum

The Body-Brain Continuum

Our emotions, intellects, cognitive mind sets, perceptions, physiologies, chemistries, and much more all overlap and interact to make who we are. Simple examples can illustrate this complexity. A change in the environment can cause a hormonal shift. An argument causes a stress response – fight or flight. Such shifts, if repeated and inappropriate, can lead to a hormonal imbalance. Very few arguments could justify punching or running away from your opponent. People have a lot of arguments. They might have a lot of inappropriate responses to a lot of different stressors. This leads to changes, from subtle to dramatic, in the normal body functions.

Running could do you some good. Better yet, avoid people with whom you might have unpleasant arguments. Suppose you have excellent vision. You could easily avoid those people. You would see them before they saw you. Have you ever been nearsighted? Nearsighted people often squint to see farther. This tends to produce a characteristic facial expression. More, the pectoral muscles in their chest tend to contract in a reflexive effort to draw them nearer their point of optimum focus. They can become round shouldered or even somewhat hunchbacked.

Disturbing the normal functional relationship between the muscles, bones, tendons, ligaments, and other structures of the body leads to changes in the biochemistry of the brain. Painful or dysfunctional joints and muscles can turn the individual into a wounded animal that needs gentle handling. This hyperirritability reflects changes in the neurohormonal system of the brain.


The Role of CES (Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation)

CES means to apply low voltage, low amplitude, pulsed current transcranially. It pulses 100 times per second (there are other frequencies as well, of course) on a twenty percent duty cycle. The pulse wave is a modified square wave with no D.C. bias (meaning that the pulse goes back and forth equally across the head, instead of pulsing more left to right or more right to left). Small rechargeable batteries provide the current. The device limits the stimulus to approximately 1.5 mA or less. CES has proven an effective prescription for the treatment of many debilitating pathologies. Improved cognitive function has also been demonstrated in terms of improved cognitive skills. This can certainly be considered an aspect of chi or vital force.

How CES Works.

Acetysalic acid, and its pharmacological ancestor, salic acid, had proven benefits long before we had any idea how they worked. We call it aspirin. CES has this in common with aspirin. Unfortunately, CES has not been marketed on a wide spread basis such as aspirin. We have begun to learn how CES produces its effects. Earlier studies on animals led researchers to postulate that CES has its effects in the hypothalamic center of the brain, and possibly in other primitive or emotion control centers within the brain. CES now appears to have its effect by stimulating the brain generally. This increases the brains manufacture and use of neurotransmitters, that leads to a homeostasis of brain biochemistry

Charles McCusker, Ph.D., Nicholas Mason, Ph.D.,

Eldon Taylor, Ph.D., and Lawrence Paros, Ph.D.

— to be continued —

Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES), Chi, and Homeostasis

Chi is you, Chi is me (ancient proverb)


Optimal mental and emotional functioning depends on the whole body. Chi or vital force can be looked at in terms of its components as well as we might define them according to the measures and means (science with its language) that we want to do so. It depends especially on the brain. Our bodies have an elaborate system of checks and balances. This elaborate system protects the brain from changes in temperature, acceleration, and chemistry.

The current state of knowledge of bioelectrical systems is limited, as it is in many areas of biology. At the present time there is no uniform agreement on the mechanisms of action of CES (Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation). To proclaim a model can be problematic because the paradigms are evolving very quickly these days.


Physiology can be regarded as an aspect of Chi or Vital Force and so accordingly, the evidence of CES effectiveness in this domain is empirical. It is generally believed that the effects are primarily mediated through a direct action on the brain at the limbic system, the hypothalamus and/or reticular activating system. The primary role of the reticular activating system is the regulation of electrocortical activity. These are primitive brain stem structures. The functions of these areas and their influence on our emotional states have been mapped using electrical stimulation. Electrical stimulation of the periaqueductal gray matter (PAG) has been shown to activate descending inhibitory pathways from the medial brainstem to the dorsal horn of the spinal cord, in a manner similar to endorphins. Cortical inhibition is a factor in the Melzack-Wall Gate Control theory.

It is possible that CES may produce its effects through parasympathetic autonomic nervous system dominance via stimulation of the vagus nerve (CN X). Other cranial nerves such as the trigeminal (CN V), facial (CN VII), and glossopharyngeal (CN IX), may also be involved.

Electrocortical activity produced by stimulation of the trigeminal nerve has been implicated in the function of the limbic region of the midbrain affecting emotions.

Substance P and enkephalin have been found in the trigeminal nucleus, and are postulated to be involved in limbic emotional brain factors. The auditory-vertigo nerve (CN VIII) must also be effected by CES, accounting for the dizziness one experiences when the current is too high. Ideally, CES electrodes are placed on the ear lobes because that is a convenient way to direct current through the brain stem structures.


The notion here is that CES usage improves the homeostasis state or within its domain provides for a state of optimal homeostasis. Homeostasis is here defined as maintaining functions within very narrowly defined ranges. The body’s ability to preserve the critical balance of its internal environment, regardless of external changes, is essential for its survival. Our body (including and especially the brain) reacts to changes in our environment. It constantly works to preserve optimal functioning as a whole which is defined as homeostasis or a homeostatic state. Its response and interaction with the environment is dynamic and continual, operating at many levels some within conscious awareness and many out of the range of our conscious perception. An example of a biological process not in a continual awareness state would be the digestion of food. Certainly we may respond to or be aware of eating, although after vigorous physical labor we may see the grand spread of food before us and wolf it down, not paying particular attention to savoring each tasty morsel, but eating quickly because our stomach says feed me.

So we choose at some level to be partially only partially conscious of the sensation of taste because the biological requirement of providing energy to fuel the body (remember, survival first) blocks the more sensate focus of enjoying each tasty morsel of food. This is adaptive and common sense that most of us understand on a very basic level.

Continuing with this example, much less conscious awareness would typically be available to the digestion process, this process where food is broken into useful and usable components is something we don’t pay much attention to, it is relatively automatic. Imagine how maladaptive it might be to be consciously contemplating and focusing in the digestion process while driving down a road on the side of a mountain while in the middle of a blizzard. Under these circumstances driving off the side of a mountain while consciously focusing on digestion of our lunch could be much less adaptive than keeping our eye (and corresponding muscle and bodily movements) attending to staying on the road and successfully completing the task of driving to our destination.

Events we might define as stressful can alter our body systems to change its homeostasic range, which can be adaptive for that moment. The startle response and body reaction to manipulate our motor vehicle seeing a deer running out in front of us to stay on the road and hopefully not injure the animal can change the bodily homeostasis while in this situation. After this event the various systems react to bring it back, that is alter the balance back to the regular driving the vehicle mode.

Charles McCusker, Ph.D., Nicholas Mason, Ph.D.,

Eldon Taylor, Ph.D., and Lawrence Paros, Ph.D.

Kids on Drugs (Thanks to Parents and Doctors)

Part I: The Dangers

Part II

Parents and Doctors are often overwhelmed when having to deal with ADHD kids. They often look for a shortcut—prescription drugs. Common brand names include stimulants such as Ritalin, Concerta, Adderall, Metadate, Vyvanse, and Provigil. Use of such drugs has reached epidemic proportions. The figures are staggering:



More than 1 in 10 (11%) US school-aged children had received an ADHD diagnosis by a health care provider by 2011, as reported by parents.

o    6.4 million children reported by parents to have ever received a health care provider diagnosis of ADHD , including:

  • 1 in 5 high school boys
  • 1 in 11 high school girls


The percentage of US children 4-17 years of age with an ADHD diagnosis by a health care provider, as reported by parents, continues to increase.

o    A history of ADHD diagnosis by a health care provider increased by 42% between 2003 and 2011:

  • 7.8% had ever had a diagnosis in 2003
  • 9.5% had ever had a diagnosis in 2007
  • 11.0% had ever had a diagnosis in 2011

o    Average annual increase was approximately 5% per year

The percentage of children 4-17 years of age taking medication for ADHD, as reported by parents, increased by 28% between 2007 and 2011.

o    Percentage of children taking medication for ADHD was:

  • 4.8% in 2007
  • 6.1% in 2011

o    Average annual increase was approximately 7% per year

The average age of ADHD diagnosis was 7 years of age, but children reported by their parents as having more severe ADHD were diagnosed earlier.

o    8 years of age was the average age of diagnosis for children reported as having mild ADHD

o    7 years of age was the average age of diagnosis for children reported as having moderate ADHD

o    5 years of age was the average age of diagnosis for children reported as having severe ADHD

More US children were reported by their parents to be receiving ADHD treatment in 2011 compared to 2007, however treatment gaps may exist.

o    In 2011, as many as 17.5% of children with current ADHD were reported by their parents as not receiving either medication for ADHD or mental health counseling

o    More than one-third of children reported by their parents as not receiving treatment were also reported to have moderate or severe ADHD

The patterns in ADHD diagnosis and medication treatment showed increases in the percentages overall, however some new patterns emerged between 2007 and 2011.

o    The percentage of children reported by their parents to have a history of health care provider diagnosed ADHD increased for most demographic groups (for example, across racial groups, boys and girls) from 2003 to 2011; however,

o    Between 2007 and 2011, the percentage of children reported by their parents to have a history of a health care provider diagnosed ADHD:

  • Was similar among older teens
  • Decreased among multiracial children and children of other races when compared to black or white children

The number of US families impacted by ADHD continues to increase.

o    An estimated 2 million more children were reported by their parents to be diagnosed by a health care professional with ADHD in 2011, compared to 2003

  • By 2011, 6.4 million children were reported by their parents to be diagnosed by a health professional with ADHD compared to 4.4 million in 2003

o    An estimated 1 million more children were reported by their parents to be taking medication for ADHD in 2011, compared to 2003.

  • By 2011, 3.5 million children were reported by their parents to be taking medication for ADHD compared to 2.5 million in 2003


These figures should give pause for consideration. By increasing children’s dependence on pharmaceuticals, they learn that the best and easiest way to deal with their emotional issues is by taking a drug, perfect training for their adult years and an added incentive to graduate to recreational drug use and an increased reliance and dependence on prescriptions as a pathway to health.

ADHD Drug Warnings:

There have been 44 warnings from eight countries (United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, France and Singapore) warning that ADHD drugs/stimulants cause harmful side effects. These include the following (note that some warnings cite more than one side effect, so the list below may not be equal to the total number of warnings):

  • 13 warnings on stimulants causing heart problems
  • 10 warnings on stimulants causing mania/psychosis
  • 9 warnings on stimulants causing cardiovascular problems
  • 8 warnings on stimulants causing death
  • 4 warnings on stimulants causing hallucinations
  • 4 warnings on stimulants causing depression
  • 4 warnings on stimulants causing violence, hostility or aggression
  • 4 warnings on stimulants causing seizures
  • 3 warnings on stimulants causing agitation or irritability
  • 3 warnings on stimulants causing anxiety
  • 2 warnings on stimulants causing suicide risk/attempts
  • 2 warnings on stimulants causing addiction or dependence

ADHD Drug Studies:

There are 25 studies from five countries (United States, Australia, Denmark, Canada and Italy) showing that ADHD drugs/stimulants cause harmful side effects. These include the following (note that some studies cite more than one side effect, so the list below may not be equal to the total number of studies):

  • 5 studies on stimulants causing addiction/medication abuse
  • 5 studies on stimulants causing heart problems
  • 5 studies on stimulants showing lack of efficacy of the drug
  • 4 studies on stimulants causing stunted growth
  • 2 studies on stimulants causing death
  • 1 study on stimulants causing suicide risk/attempts
  • 1 study on stimulants causing violence
  • 1 study on stimulants causing homicidal ideation
  • 1 study on stimulants causing irritability
  • 1 study on stimulants causing depression
  • 1 study on stimulants causing mania, psychosis and hallucinations

Isn't it time we examined a drug-free alternative? The CES Ultra is exactly that—a safe and effective modality with no negative side-effect